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of bellows and it is how we breathe when we are born. Watch how a newborn baby’s stomach, rather than their shoulders, goes up and down as they lie on their back asleep. Learners can practise breathing in to their diaphragm and then slowly releasing their breath to counts of 10, then 15 and then 20. Tis will help them to feel much calmer before and during public speaking, rather than running out of air due to nerves.


Before people go jogging, or use gym equipment they usually warm up their body. Tey will stretch out their muscles. Yet many people do not warm up their mouth and jaw

before they make a presentation. An actor will always warm

up their vocal instruments before speaking. Tey will use techniques such as yawning to open the throat, pretend they are chewing a toffee to relax the jaw and even recite tongue twisters to release tension in the tongue and lips. Tese are exercises that speakers can try in the privacy of their office or bathroom before they have to deliver their presentation. Warming up the mouth before

delivering a presentation will help the speaker to make the most of their voice. It will not only help them to project more effectively so everyone can hear them, it will also help them to articulate their words much more clearly.

Actors will go through their script

to see where they need to change their tone of voice. Tey will mark where they need to add accentuation so they stress particular words. In a business presentation, they might want to emphasise words such as ‘innovation’, ‘growth’ or ‘change’. Presenters should also work

on their inflections to help convey emotion. Decide how much power and emphasis ending a sentence on an upward or downward inflection has. Tis can help to reflect positivity, sympathy or understanding, depending on the topics being discussed. Actors also love to use pauses …

and presenters should use them too. Tink of them like throwing a ball into

28 | December 2016 |


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